The Essential On Spots And Patches On Your Face

Just when you thought you took a good care of your skin, here comes spots and patches out of nowhere right on it, called hyperpigmentation. And what’s more, people can see it, no matter how much foundation you’ve layered to even out the skin tone. Read on how these patches appear to you and why.

Oh, it’s hyper all right, darkened patches coming out and it doesn’t complement well for your whole complexion. To define the condition, hyperpigmentation is characterized by excess of melanin production on certain (unlucky) area of the body, making the coloring uneven, and there are few causes that can be pointed out.

For example, apart from the sun (creating spots and freckles apart from pigmentations), injured skin also can create some uneven patches on the skin, known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Common skin issues such as acne, eczema, or even minor injuries from scratching also causes hyperpigmentation. You can read up on more about skin conditions here.

While a common and slightly moderate of hyperpigmentation – called melasma – creates an uneven, butterfly pattern of pigmentation which can bee seen on the\ cheeks and nose, with hormone-related issues such as  imbalance/fluctuations, pregnancy, or even getting a hormone-related therapy.

And beware, if you have hypothyroidism, Addison’s disease, or Cushing’s syndrome, these conditions may also cause you hyperpigmentation.

Hyperpigmentation is definitely not a joke (again, it’s hyper, and you don’t want people to stare at these patches) thus a visit to a dermatologist is essential to find out the exact cause of your hyperpigmentation, as treating these patches is about healing the reason that caused it.

If the skin concern is quite mild, usually your doctor will prescribe a  high grade version of over-the-counter creams (assuming you have tried it and it was unsuccessful). The topical treatment may contain ingredients such as retinol, kojic acid, or hydroquinone, and monitor your progress (as these creams are quite strong) and potential unwanted side effects.

Chemical peels are also possible as it helps to exfoliate the topmost surface and reducing pigmentation for a brighter, even toned skin. If your dermatologist prescribed a couple of peels for you, these are quite strong (like phenols) for a quick and effective treatment for hyperpigmentation.

Laser treatments such as IPL and fractional lasers may also be done to lighten up the patches and sometimes may be used alone, or coupled up with topical creams and chemical peels mentioned above.

Maintaining and preventing hyperpigmentation is possible as the condition is an indirect effect from the true cause. If you have acne, eczema, or hypothyroidism, treat these issues from creating unwanted patches on your face.  And of course, you can prevent your skin from getting one by limiting yourself from sun exposure and always wear a good layer of sunscreen at all times.


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